Deploy a Spring Boot application to Cloud Foundry with GitLab CI/CD
In this article, we'll demonstrate how to deploy a Spring Boot application to Cloud Foundry (CF) with GitLab CI/CD using the Continuous Deployment method.
All the code for this project can be found in this GitLab repo.
In case you're interested in deploying Spring Boot applications to Kubernetes using GitLab CI/CD, read through the blog post Continuous Delivery of a Spring Boot application with GitLab CI and Kubernetes.
We assume you are familiar with Java, GitLab, Cloud Foundry, and GitLab CI/CD.
To follow along with this tutorial you will need the following:
- An account on Pivotal Web Services (PWS) or any other Cloud Foundry instance
- An account on GitLab
You will need to replace the
api.run.pivotal.io URL in the all below
commands with the API
URL of your CF
instance if you're not deploying to PWS.
Create your project
To create your Spring Boot application you can use the Spring template in GitLab when creating a new project:
Configure the deployment to Cloud Foundry
To deploy to Cloud Foundry we need to add a
manifest.yml file. This
is the configuration for the CF CLI we will use to deploy the application. We
will create this in the root directory of our project with the following
--- applications: - name: gitlab-hello-world random-route: true memory: 1G path: target/demo-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.jar
Configure GitLab CI/CD to deploy your application
Now we need to add the GitLab CI/CD configuration file
.gitlab-ci.yml) to our
project's root. This is how GitLab figures out what commands need to be run whenever
code is pushed to our repository. We will add the following
file to the root directory of the repository, GitLab will detect it
automatically and run the steps defined once we push our code:
image: java:8 stages: - build - deploy build: stage: build script: ./mvnw package artifacts: paths: - target/demo-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.jar production: stage: deploy script: - curl --location "https://cli.run.pivotal.io/stable?release=linux64-binary&source=github" | tar zx - ./cf login -u $CF_USERNAME -p $CF_PASSWORD -a api.run.pivotal.io - ./cf push only: - master
We've used the
image to build
our application as it provides the up-to-date Java 8 JDK on Docker
Hub. We've also added the
to ensure our deployments only happen when we push to the master branch.
Now, since the steps defined in
.gitlab-ci.yml require credentials to login
to CF, you'll need to add your CF credentials as environment
on GitLab CI/CD. To set the environment variables, navigate to your project's
Settings > CI/CD and expand Variables. Name the variables
CF_PASSWORD and set them to the correct values.
Once set up, GitLab CI/CD will deploy your app to CF at every push to your repository's deafult branch. To see the build logs or watch your builds running live, navigate to CI/CD > Pipelines.
CAUTION: Caution: It is considered best practice for security to create a separate deploy user for your application and add its credentials to GitLab instead of using a developer's credentials.
To start a manual deployment in GitLab go to CI/CD > Pipelines then click
on Run Pipeline. Once the app is finished deploying it will display the URL
of your application in the logs for the
production job like:
requested state: started instances: 1/1 usage: 1G x 1 instances urls: gitlab-hello-world-undissembling-hotchpot.cfapps.io last uploaded: Mon Nov 6 10:02:25 UTC 2017 stack: cflinuxfs2 buildpack: client-certificate-mapper=1.2.0_RELEASE container-security-provider=1.8.0_RELEASE java-buildpack=v4.5-offline-https://github.com/cloudfoundry/java-buildpack.git#ffeefb9 java-main java-opts jvmkill-agent=1.10.0_RELEASE open-jdk-like-jre=1.8.0_1... state since cpu memory disk details #0 running 2017-11-06 09:03:22 PM 120.4% 291.9M of 1G 137.6M of 1G
You can then visit your deployed application (for this example, https://gitlab-hello-world-undissembling-hotchpot.cfapps.io/) and you should see the "Spring is here!" message.